Skip to Content

Amazon Athena Connection Details

Introduction

Connector Version

This documentation is based on version 21.0.8662 of the connector.

Get Started

Amazon Athena Version Support

The Amazon Athena connector connects with the Amazon Athena Web Services API.

Establish a Connection

Connect to Amazon Athena

Specify the following to connect to data:

  • DataSource: The name of the Amazon Athena data source to connect to.
  • Database: The name of the Amazon Athena database to connect to.
  • AWSRegion: Set this to the region where your Amazon Athena data is hosted.
  • S3StagingDirectory: Set this to a folder in S3 where you would like to store the results of queries.

If Database or DataSource is not set in the connection, the connector connects to the default data source and database set in Amazon Athena.

Authenticate to Amazon Athena

In addition to specifying basic connection information required for all connections, you must choose an authentication method from one of the below listed options.

Obtain the Access Key

To obtain the credentials for an IAM user, follow the steps below:

  1. Sign into the IAM console.
  2. In the navigation pane, select Users.
  3. To create or manage the access keys for a user, select the user and then select the Security Credentials tab.

To obtain the credentials for your AWS root account, follow the steps below:

  1. Sign into the AWS Management console with the credentials for your root account.
  2. Select your account name or number and select My Security Credentials in the menu that is displayed.
  3. Click Continue to Security Credentials and expand the Access Keys section to manage or create root account access keys.
Authenticate with Root Credentials

To authenticate using account root credentials, set the following:

  • AuthScheme: Set this to AwsRootKeys.
  • AWSAccessKey: The access key associated with the AWS root account.
  • AWSSecretKey: The secret key associated with the AWS root account.

Note

Use of this authentication scheme is discouraged by Amazon for anything but simple tests. The account root credentials have the full permissions of the user, making this the least secure authentication method.

Authenticate with Temporary Credentials

To authenticate using temporary credentials, specify the following:

  • AuthScheme: Set this to TemporaryCredentials.
  • AWSAccessKey: The access key of the IAM user to assume the role for.
  • AWSSecretKey: The secret key of the IAM user to assume the role for.
  • AWSSessionToken: Your AWS session token. This will have been provided alongside your temporary credentials. See this link for more info.

The connector can now request resources using the same permissions provided by long-term credentials (such as IAM user credentials) for the lifespan of the temporary credentials.

If you are also using an IAM role to authenticate, you must additionally specify the following:

  • AWSRoleARN: Specify the Role ARN for the role you'd like to authenticate with. This will cause the connector to attempt to retrieve credentials for the specified role.
  • AWSExternalId: Only if required when you assume a role in another account.
Authenticate from an EC2 Instance

If you are using the connector from an EC2 Instance and have an IAM Role assigned to the instance, you can use the IAM Role to authenticate. To do so, set the following properties to authenticate:

  • AuthScheme: Set this to AwsEC2Roles.

Do not specify AWSAccessKey and AWSSecretKey because the connector will automatically obtain your IAM Role credentials and authenticate with them.

If you are also using an IAM role to authenticate, you must additionally specify the following:

  • AWSRoleARN: Specify the Role ARN for the role you'd like to authenticate with. This will cause the connector to attempt to retrieve credentials for the specified role.
  • AWSExternalId: Only if required when you assume a role in another account.

IMDSv2 Support

The Amazon Athena connector now supports IMDSv2. Unlike IMDSv1, the new version requires an authentication token. Endpoints and response are the same in both versions. In IMDSv2, the Amazon Athena connector first attempts to retrieve the IMDSv2 metadata token and then uses it to call AWS metadata endpoints. If it is unable to retrieve the token, the connector reverts to IMDSv1.

Authenticate as an AWS Role

In many situations it may be preferable to use an IAM role for authentication instead of the direct security credentials of an AWS root user.

To authenticate as an AWS role, set the following:

  • AuthScheme: Set this to AwsIAMRoles.
  • AWSRoleARN: Specify the Role ARN for the role you'd like to authenticate with. This will cause the connector to attempt to retrieve credentials for the specified role.
  • AWSExternalId: Only if required when you assume a role in another account.
  • AWSAccessKey: The access key of the IAM user to assume the role for.
  • AWSSecretKey: The secret key of the IAM user to assume the role for.

Note

Roles may not be used when specifying the AWSAccessKey and AWSSecretKey of an AWS root user.

Authenticate with ADFS

Set the AuthScheme to ADFS. The following connection properties need to be set:

  • User: Set this to the ADFS user.
  • Password: Set this to ADFS password for the user.
  • SSOLoginURL: Set this to the login URL used by the SSO provider.

Below is an example connection string:

AuthScheme=ADFS; AWSRegion=Ireland; Database=sampledb; User=user@cdata.com; Password=CH8WerW121235647iCa6; SSOLoginURL='https://adfs.domain.com'; AWSRoleArn=arn:aws:iam:1234:role/ADFS_SSO; AWSPrincipalArn=arn:aws:iam:1234:saml-provider/ADFSProvider; S3StagingDirectory=s3://athena/staging;
ADFS Integrated

The ADFS Integrated flow indicates you are connecting with the currently logged in Windows user credentials. To use the ADFS Integrated flow, simply do not specify the User and Password, but otherwise follow the same steps in the ADFS guide above.

Authenticate with Okta

Set the AuthScheme to Okta. The following connection properties are used to connect to Okta:

  • User: Set this to the Okta user.
  • Password: Set this to Okta password for the user.
  • SSOLoginURL: Set this to the login URL used by the SSO provider.

The following SSOProperties are needed to authenticate to Okta:

  • APIToken (optional): Set this to the API Token that the customer created from the Okta org. It should be used when authenticating a user via a trusted application or proxy that overrides OKTA client request context.
  • MFAType (optional): Set this only in case you have configured MFA flow. Currently we support only the follwoing types: OktaVerify,Email and SMS.
  • MFAPassCode (optional): Set this only in case you have configured MFA flow. If this is set to empty/invalid the driver will initially issue a MFA challenge which will trigger the platform to send you an one-time password on your device or email, based on the configured MFA type. You need to re-issue another connection where the retrieved one-time password value is passed to MFAPassCode connection property.

The following is an example connection string:

AuthScheme=Okta; AWSRegion=Ireland; Database=sampledb; User=user@cdata.com; Password=CH8WerW121235647iCa6; SSOLoginURL='https://cdata-us.okta.com/home/amazon_aws/0oa35m8arsAL5f5NrE6NdA356/272'; SSOProperties='ApiToken=01230GGG2ceAnm_tPAf4MhiMELXZ0L0N1pAYrO1VR-hGQSf;'; AWSRoleArn=arn:aws:iam:1234:role/Okta_SSO; AWSPrincipalARN=arn:aws:iam:1234:saml-provider/OktaProvider; S3StagingDirectory=s3://athena/staging;
Authenticate with PingFederate

Set the AuthScheme to PingFederate. The following connection properties need to be set:

  • User: Set this to the PingFederate user.
  • Password: Set this to PingFederate password for the user.
  • SSOLoginURL: Set this to the login URL used by the SSO provider.
  • SSOExchangeUrl: The 'Partner Service Identifier' URI configured in your PingFederate server instance under: SP Connections > SP Connection > WS-Trust > Protocol Settings. This should uniquely identify a PingFederate SP Connection, so it is a good idea to set it to your 'AWS SSO ACS URL'. You can find it under AWS SSO > Settings > Click on 'View Details' next to the Authentication field.

The following SSOProperties are needed to authenticate to PingFederate:

  • AuthScheme (optional): The authorization scheme to be used for the IdP endpoint. The allowed values for this IdP are None or Basic.

Additionally, you can use the following SSOProperties to configure mutual SSL authentication for SSOLoginURL, the WS-Trust STS endpoint:

  • SSLClientCert
  • SSLClientCertType
  • SSLClientCertSubject
  • SSLClientCertPassword

Below is an example connection string:

authScheme=pingfederate;SSOLoginURL=https://mycustomserver.com:9033/idp/sts.wst;SSOExchangeUrl=https://us-east-1.signin.aws.amazon.com/platform/saml/acs/764ef411-xxxxxx;user=admin;password=PassValue;AWSPrincipalARN=arn:aws:iam:215338515180:saml-provider/pingFederate;AWSRoleArn=arn:aws:iam:215338515180:role/SSOTest2;AWSRegion=Ireland;S3StagingDirectory=s3://somedirectory/staging;Database=athenadatabase;
Authenticate with MFA

For users and roles that require Multi-factor Authentication, specify the following to authenticate:

  • AuthScheme: Set this to AwsMFA.
  • CredentialsLocation: The location of the settings file where MFA credentials are saved. See the Credentials File Location page under Connection String Options for more information.
  • MFASerialNumber: The serial number of the MFA device if one is being used.
  • MFAToken: The temporary token available from your MFA device.

If you are connecting to AWS (instead of already being connected such as on an EC2 instance), you must additionally specify the following:

  • AWSAccessKey: The access key of the IAM user for whom MFA will be issued.
  • AWSSecretKey: The secret key of the IAM user whom MFA will be issued.

If you are also using an IAM role to authenticate, you must additionally specify the following:

  • AWSRoleARN: Specify the Role ARN for the role you'd like to authenticate with. This will cause the connector to attempt to retrieve credentials for the specified role using MFA.
  • AWSExternalId: Only if required when you assume a role in another account.

This will cause the connector to submit the MFA credentials in a request to retrieve temporary authentication credentials.

Note that the duration of the temporary credentials may be controlled via the TemporaryTokenDuration property (default 3600 seconds).

Authenticate with a Credential File

You may use a credentials file to authenticate. Any configurations related to AccessKey/SecretKey authentication, temporary credentials, role authentication, or MFA will be used. To do so, set the following properties to authenticate:

  • AuthScheme: Set this to AwsCredentialsFile.
  • AWSCredentialsFile: Set this to the location of your credentials file.
  • AWSCredentialsFileProfile: Optionally set this to the name of the profile you would like to use from the specified credentials file. If not specified, the profile with the name default will be used.

See this link for more information.

Authenticate with AWS Cognito Credentials

If you want to use the connector with a user registered in a User Pool in AWS Cognito, set the following properties to authenticate:

  • AuthScheme: Set this to AwsCognitoSrp (recommended). You can also use AwsCognitoBasic.
  • AWSCognitoRegion: Set this to the region of the User Pool.
  • AWSUserPoolId: Set this to the User Pool Id.
  • AWSUserPoolClientAppId: Set this to the User Pool Client App Id.
  • AWSUserPoolClientAppSecret: Set this to the User Pool Client Secret.
  • AWSIdentityPoolId: Set this to the Identity Pool ID of the Identity Pool that is linked with the User Pool.
  • User: Set this to the username of the user registered in the User Pool.
  • Password: Set this to the password of the user registered in the User Pool.
Authenticate with AzureAD

Set the AuthScheme to AzureAD. The following connection properties are used to connect to AzureAD:

Note that this configuration requires two AAD applications: the "Amazon Athena" application used for single sign-on, and a separate "connector" application with user_impersonation permission on the "Amazon Athena" application. You must also specify the OAuth connection properties:

  • OAuthClientId: The application ID of the connector application, listed in the Overview section of the app registration.
  • OAuthClientSecret: The client secret value of the connector application. Azure AD displays this when you create a new client secret.

The following SSOProperties are used to authenticate to AzureAD:

  • Resource: The application ID URI of the Amazon Athena application, listed in the Overview section of the app registration. In most cases this is the URL of your custom Amazon Athena domain.
  • AzureTenant: The ID of the Azure AD tenant where the applications are registered.

The following is an example connection string:

AuthScheme=AzureAD;InitiateOAuth=GETANDREFRESH;OAuthClientId=3ea1c786-d527-4399-8c3b-2e3696ae4b48;OauthClientSecret=xxx;SSOProperties='Resource=';

Fine-Tuning Data Access

Customize Amazon Athena Behavior

Follow the steps below to configure the connector defaults for querying Amazon Athena.

Use QueryPassthrough

Amazon Athena supports a set of queries that are not specified in the regular SQL-92 standard; to execute these queries simply set QueryPassthrough to true. This will pass the query directly to Amazon Athena without parsing it internally.

Encrypt Query Results to S3

Set EncryptionKey and EncryptionType if you would like to encrypt the result set stored in S3 after query execution.

To encrypt results stored in S3, follow the steps below:

  1. Navigate to Amazon Athena Console.
  2. Click Settings.
  3. Enable the Encrypt Query Results option.
  4. Select the Encryption type and set EncryptionType when you connect.
  5. If you selected SSE-KMS or CSE-KMS, set both EncryptionType and EncryptionKey: select an encryption key in the menu or click Create KMS Key.

Performance

Clean Query Results

Amazon Athena stores the results of every query you execute in CSV files in S3StagingDirectory; these can quickly rack up a lot of space in Amazon S3. You can use CleanQueryResults, enabled by default, to clean these files for every query executed.

Note that this behavior will add a minor performance hit when you disconnect the last connection in a process.

Use Athena's Query Caching

You configure QueryCachingLevel to modify the usage of the query results stored in S3StagingDirectory; note that you have to keep the connection open to benefit from this feature. This is especially helpful when executing a certain query multiple times. This means Amazon Athena will not scan the same data again and simply use the results from the previous execution. These results are cleaned in the amount of seconds specified in QueryTolerance.

Note that failing to properly disconnect the connection when QueryCachingLevel is set to Cloud may lead to a large amount of saved queries in Athena. For most use cases setting QueryCachingLevel to Local should be enough.

Fine Tuning Performance

You can use the PageSize property to optimize use of your provisioned throughput, based on the size of your items and Amazon Athena's 1000MB page size. Set this property to the number of items to return.

Generally, a smaller page size reduces spikes in throughput that cause throttling. A smaller page size also inserts pauses between requests. This interval evens out the distribution of requests and allows more requests to be successful by avoiding throttling.

Minimum IAM Permissions

We recommend using predefined roles for services rather than creating custom IAM policies, but it if you want to create custom polices, use the roles described in the table below. Note that the specific policies required by the Amazon Athena driver are subject to change in future releases. Amazon Athena requires at a minimum the following permissions:

IAM Role Description
s3:ListBucket List all the items of source buckets. These items are usually the tables you want to query data from. This action supports resource-level permissions, so you can specify the buckets in "Resource".
s3:GetObject Read the file with the data you want to query. You can give permission to read specific items in the bucket, for example, arn:aws:s3::source-bucket1/Customers.csv, or give permission to read all items in the bucket, for example, arn:aws:s3::source-bucket1/*.
s3:GetBucketLocation
s3:GetObject
s3:ListBucket
s3:ListBucketMultipartUploads
s3:AbortMultipartUpload
s3:PutObject
s3:ListMultipartUploadParts
s3:DeleteObject
These actions are required to be active at the same time to write the results of the query to the destination bucket, which corresponds to the connection property S3StagingDirectory. The driver then reads the metadata and data from this location and deletes these temporary files at the end. See Access denied error for more information.
athena:ListDataCatalogs Retrieve the list of data catalogs for the current AWS account. This action does not support resource-specific permissions, so Resource is always *.
athena:GetDataCatalog Retrieve metadata about a specific data catalog. This action supports resource-specific permissions. For example, giving permission to all the data catalogs in the Northern Virginia region: "Resource":
"arn:aws:athena:us-east-1:987654321098:datacatalog/*"
athena:GetTableMetadata Retrieve metadata about a specific table. This action supports resource-specific permissions, just like athena:GetDataCatalog.
athena:ListTableMetadata List table metadata in a database for a given data catalog. This action supports resource-specific permissions, just like athena:GetDataCatalog.
athena:StartQueryExecution Start the execution of a query in Athena. This action supports resource-specific permissions. For example, giving permission to the primary workgroup in the Northern Virginia region: arn:aws:athena:us-east-1:987654321098:workgroup/primary
athena:GetQueryResults Retrieve the query results. This action supports resource-specific permissions, just like athena:StartQueryExecution.
athena:GetQueryExecution Retrieve information about the query execution, for example, to check if the query execution is still running. This action supports resource-specific permissions, just like athena:StartQueryExecution.
glue:GetTables List the tables in a database. This action supports resource-specific permissions. For example, to list all the tables in the Northern Virginia region:
            "Resource": [
"arn:aws:glue:region123:111111111111:table/*/*",
"arn:aws:glue:region123:111111111111:database/*",
"arn:aws:glue:region123:111111111111:catalog"
]
glue:GetDatabases List all the databases in a data catalog. This action supports resource-specific permissions, just like glue:GetTables.
glue:GetTable Retrieve a table. This action supports resource-specific permissions, just like glue:GetTables.

Federated Queries

If you are using federated queries, i.e., using Lambda functions to get data from other sources, you need Lambda permissions as well. For example, to give lambda:InvokeFunction permissions on a resource with the name cloudwatchtest1 in Northern Virginia:

{
"Effect": "Allow",
"Action": [
"lambda:InvokeFunction"
],
"Resource": [
"arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:987654321098:function:cloudwatchtest1"
]
}

Only the Lambda permission is optional. All the other permissions are required to do a simple SELECT with the driver.

Important Notes

Configuration Files and Their Paths

  • All references to adding configuration files and their paths refer to files and locations on the Harmony Agent where the connector is installed. These paths are to be adjusted as appropriate depending on the agent and the operating system. If multiple agents are used in an agent group, identical files will be required on each agent.

Advanced Features

This section details a selection of advanced features of the Amazon Athena connector.

User Defined Views

The connector allows you to define virtual tables, called user defined views, whose contents are decided by a pre-configured query. These views are useful when you cannot directly control queries being issued to the drivers. See User Defined Views for an overview of creating and configuring custom views.

SSL Configuration

Use SSL Configuration to adjust how connector handles TLS/SSL certificate negotiations. You can choose from various certificate formats; see the SSLServerCert property under "Connection String Options" for more information.

Proxy

To configure the connector using Private Agent proxy settings, select the Use Proxy Settings checkbox on the connection configuration screen.

User Defined Views

The Amazon Athena connector allows you to define a virtual table whose contents are decided by a pre-configured query. These are called User Defined Views, which are useful in situations where you cannot directly control the query being issued to the driver, e.g. when using the driver from Jitterbit. The User Defined Views can be used to define predicates that are always applied. If you specify additional predicates in the query to the view, they are combined with the query already defined as part of the view.

There are two ways to create user defined views:

  • Create a JSON-formatted configuration file defining the views you want.
  • DDL statements.

Define Views Using a Configuration File

User Defined Views are defined in a JSON-formatted configuration file called UserDefinedViews.json. The connector automatically detects the views specified in this file.

You can also have multiple view definitions and control them using the UserDefinedViews connection property. When you use this property, only the specified views are seen by the connector.

This User Defined View configuration file is formatted as follows:

  • Each root element defines the name of a view.
  • Each root element contains a child element, called query, which contains the custom SQL query for the view.

For example:

{
    "MyView": {
        "query": "SELECT * FROM [AwsDataCatalog].[sampledb].Customers WHERE MyColumn = 'value'"
    },
    "MyView2": {
        "query": "SELECT * FROM MyTable WHERE Id IN (1,2,3)"
    }
}

Use the UserDefinedViews connection property to specify the location of your JSON configuration file. For example:

"UserDefinedViews", "C:\Users\yourusername\Desktop\tmp\UserDefinedViews.json"

Schema for User Defined Views

User Defined Views are exposed in the UserViews schema by default. This is done to avoid the view's name clashing with an actual entity in the data model. You can change the name of the schema used for UserViews by setting the UserViewsSchemaName property.

Work with User Defined Views

For example, a SQL statement with a User Defined View called UserViews.RCustomers only lists customers in Raleigh:

SELECT * FROM Customers WHERE City = 'Raleigh';

An example of a query to the driver:

SELECT * FROM UserViews.RCustomers WHERE Status = 'Active';

Resulting in the effective query to the source:

SELECT * FROM Customers WHERE City = 'Raleigh' AND Status = 'Active';

That is a very simple example of a query to a User Defined View that is effectively a combination of the view query and the view definition. It is possible to compose these queries in much more complex patterns. All SQL operations are allowed in both queries and are combined when appropriate.

SSL Configuration

Customize the SSL Configuration

By default, the connector attempts to negotiate SSL/TLS by checking the server's certificate against the system's trusted certificate store.

To specify another certificate, see the SSLServerCert property for the available formats to do so.

Data Model

Stored Procedures

Stored Procedures are function-like interfaces to Amazon Athena. They can be used to search, update, and modify information in Amazon Athena.

System Tables

System tables are a -provided set of tables that contain driver metadata. You can use system tables to access schema information, data source functionality, and batch operation statistics.

Modeling Objects

Amazon Athena Connector Data Model

The connector dynamically extracts all relevant schema information from Amazon Athena via the REST API.

Discovering Schemas

By default, all Amazon Athena entities will be exposed as views. However, the connector is also capable of breaking down object types into the following types from the Amazon Athena API :

  • TABLE
  • VIEW
  • EXTERNAL_TABLE
  • MANAGED_TABLE
  • VIRTUAL_VIEW

You can enable this functionality by setting MetadataDiscoveryMethod to Glue. This method will require you to also add the necessary IAM profiles for the user.

Alternatively, you can use the Athena discovery method, though this method is slower.

  • MetadataDiscoveryMethod: Set this to Athena.
  • IncludeTableTypes: Set this to True.

Note that while the connector can break Amazon Athena objects into these types, they are all considered to be read-only. Reconnect to load any changes in the metadata, such as added or removed columns or changes in data type.

Stored Procedures

Stored procedures are available to complement the data available from the Data Model. It may be necessary to update data available from a view using a stored procedure because the data does not provide for direct, table-like, two-way updates. In these situations, the retrieval of the data is done using the appropriate view or table, while the update is done by calling a stored procedure. Stored procedures take a list of parameters and return back a dataset that contains the collection of tuples that constitute the response.

Amazon Athena Connector Stored Procedures

Name Description
CreateSchema Creates a schema file for the specified table or view.
GetOAuthAccessToken If using a Windows application, set Authmode to App. If using a Web app, set Authmode to Web and specify the Verifier obtained by GetOAuthAuthorizationUrl.
GetOAuthAuthorizationURL Gets the authorization URL.
RefreshOAuthAccessToken Refreshes the OAuth token or session ID after the session has expired. Your OAuth application must have the refresh_token scope enabled.

CreateSchema

Creates a schema file for the specified table or view.

Input
Name Type Required Description
TableName String True The name of the table or view.
FileName String True The full file path and name of the schema to generate. Ex : 'C:/Users/User/Desktop/AmazonAthena/table1.rsd'
Result Set Columns
Name Type Description
Result String Returns Success or Failure.

GetOAuthAccessToken

If using a Windows application, set Authmode to App. If using a Web app, set Authmode to Web and specify the Verifier obtained by GetOAuthAuthorizationUrl.

Input
Name Type Required Description
Authmode String False The type of authentication mode to use. Select App for getting authentication tokens via a desktop app. Select Web for getting authentication tokens via a Web app. The allowed values are APP, WEB. The default value is APP.
Verifier String False The verifier token returned after using the URL obtained with GetOAuthAuthorizationUrl.
CallbackUrl String False The page to return the user to after authorization is complete.
State String False Any value that you wish to be sent with the callback.
GrantType String False Authorization grant type. Only available for OAuth 2.0. If left unspecified, the default value is the value of the OAuthGrantType connection property. The allowed values are CODE, PASSWORD.
Prompt String False Defaults to 'select_account' which prompts the user to select account while authenticating. Set to 'None', for no prompt, 'login' to force user to enter their credentials or 'consent' to trigger the OAuth consent dialog after the user signs in, asking the user to grant permissions to the app.
Result Set Columns
Name Type Description
OAuthAccessToken String The OAuth access token.
OAuthRefreshToken String A token that may be used to obtain a new access token.
ExpiresIn String The remaining lifetime on the access token. A -1 denotes that it will not expire.

GetOAuthAuthorizationURL

Gets the authorization URL.

Input
Name Type Required Description
CallbackUrl String False The page to return the user after authorization is complete.
State String False Any value that you wish to be sent with the callback.
Prompt String False Defaults to 'select_account' which prompts the user to select account while authenticating. Set to 'None', for no prompt, 'login' to force user to enter their credentials or 'consent' to trigger the OAuth consent dialog after the user signs in, asking the user to grant permissions to the app.
Result Set Columns
Name Type Description
Url String The authorization URL.

RefreshOAuthAccessToken

Refreshes the OAuth token or session ID after the session has expired. Your OAuth application must have the refresh_token scope enabled.

Input
Name Type Required Description
OAuthRefreshToken String True The refresh token returned when the OAuth Token was first created.
Result Set Columns
Name Type Description
OAuthAccessToken String The OAuth access token.
OAuthRefreshToken String A token that may be used to obtain a new access token.
ExpiresIn String The remaining lifetime on the access token. A -1 denotes that it will not expire.

System Tables

You can query the system tables described in this section to access schema information, information on data source functionality, and batch operation statistics.

Schema Tables

The following tables return database metadata for Amazon Athena:

Data Source Tables

The following tables return information about how to connect to and query the data source:

  • sys_connection_props: Returns information on the available connection properties.
  • sys_sqlinfo: Describes the SELECT queries that the connector can offload to the data source.

Query Information Tables

The following table returns query statistics for data modification queries:

  • sys_identity: Returns information about batch operations or single updates.

sys_catalogs

Lists the available databases.

The following query retrieves all databases determined by the connection string:

SELECT * FROM sys_catalogs
Columns
Name Type Description
CatalogName String The database name.

sys_schemas

Lists the available schemas.

The following query retrieves all available schemas:

SELECT * FROM sys_schemas
Columns
Name Type Description
CatalogName String The database name.
SchemaName String The schema name.

sys_tables

Lists the available tables.

The following query retrieves the available tables and views:

SELECT * FROM sys_tables
Columns
Name Type Description
CatalogName String The database containing the table or view.
SchemaName String The schema containing the table or view.
TableName String The name of the table or view.
TableType String The table type (table or view).
Description String A description of the table or view.
IsUpdateable Boolean Whether the table can be updated.

sys_tablecolumns

Describes the columns of the available tables and views.

The following query returns the columns and data types for the [AwsDataCatalog].[sampledb].Customers table:

SELECT ColumnName, DataTypeName FROM sys_tablecolumns WHERE TableName='Customers' AND CatalogName='AwsDataCatalog' AND SchemaName='sampledb'
Columns
Name Type Description
CatalogName String The name of the database containing the table or view.
SchemaName String The schema containing the table or view.
TableName String The name of the table or view containing the column.
ColumnName String The column name.
DataTypeName String The data type name.
DataType Int32 An integer indicating the data type. This value is determined at run time based on the environment.
Length Int32 The storage size of the column.
DisplaySize Int32 The designated column's normal maximum width in characters.
NumericPrecision Int32 The maximum number of digits in numeric data. The column length in characters for character and date-time data.
NumericScale Int32 The column scale or number of digits to the right of the decimal point.
IsNullable Boolean Whether the column can contain null.
Description String A brief description of the column.
Ordinal Int32 The sequence number of the column.
IsAutoIncrement String Whether the column value is assigned in fixed increments.
IsGeneratedColumn String Whether the column is generated.
IsHidden Boolean Whether the column is hidden.
IsArray Boolean Whether the column is an array.

sys_procedures

Lists the available stored procedures.

The following query retrieves the available stored procedures:

SELECT * FROM sys_procedures
Columns
Name Type Description
CatalogName String The database containing the stored procedure.
SchemaName String The schema containing the stored procedure.
ProcedureName String The name of the stored procedure.
Description String A description of the stored procedure.
ProcedureType String The type of the procedure, such as PROCEDURE or FUNCTION.

sys_procedureparameters

Describes stored procedure parameters.

The following query returns information about all of the input parameters for the SelectEntries stored procedure:

SELECT * FROM sys_procedureparameters WHERE ProcedureName='SelectEntries' AND Direction=1 OR Direction=2
Columns
Name Type Description
CatalogName String The name of the database containing the stored procedure.
SchemaName String The name of the schema containing the stored procedure.
ProcedureName String The name of the stored procedure containing the parameter.
ColumnName String The name of the stored procedure parameter.
Direction Int32 An integer corresponding to the type of the parameter: input (1), input/output (2), or output(4). input/output type parameters can be both input and output parameters.
DataTypeName String The name of the data type.
DataType Int32 An integer indicating the data type. This value is determined at run time based on the environment.
Length Int32 The number of characters allowed for character data. The number of digits allowed for numeric data.
NumericPrecision Int32 The maximum precision for numeric data. The column length in characters for character and date-time data.
NumericScale Int32 The number of digits to the right of the decimal point in numeric data.
IsNullable Boolean Whether the parameter can contain null.
IsRequired Boolean Whether the parameter is required for execution of the procedure.
IsArray Boolean Whether the parameter is an array.
Description String The description of the parameter.
Ordinal Int32 The index of the parameter.

sys_keycolumns

Describes the primary and foreign keys.

The following query retrieves the primary key for the [AwsDataCatalog].[sampledb].Customers table:

SELECT * FROM sys_keycolumns WHERE IsKey='True' AND TableName='Customers' AND CatalogName='AwsDataCatalog' AND SchemaName='sampledb'
Columns
Name Type Description
CatalogName String The name of the database containing the key.
SchemaName String The name of the schema containing the key.
TableName String The name of the table containing the key.
ColumnName String The name of the key column.
IsKey Boolean Whether the column is a primary key in the table referenced in the TableName field.
IsForeignKey Boolean Whether the column is a foreign key referenced in the TableName field.
PrimaryKeyName String The name of the primary key.
ForeignKeyName String The name of the foreign key.
ReferencedCatalogName String The database containing the primary key.
ReferencedSchemaName String The schema containing the primary key.
ReferencedTableName String The table containing the primary key.
ReferencedColumnName String The column name of the primary key.

sys_foreignkeys

Describes the foreign keys.

The following query retrieves all foreign keys which refer to other tables:

SELECT * FROM sys_foreignkeys WHERE ForeignKeyType = 'FOREIGNKEY_TYPE_IMPORT'
Columns
Name Type Description
CatalogName String The name of the database containing the key.
SchemaName String The name of the schema containing the key.
TableName String The name of the table containing the key.
ColumnName String The name of the key column.
PrimaryKeyName String The name of the primary key.
ForeignKeyName String The name of the foreign key.
ReferencedCatalogName String The database containing the primary key.
ReferencedSchemaName String The schema containing the primary key.
ReferencedTableName String The table containing the primary key.
ReferencedColumnName String The column name of the primary key.
ForeignKeyType String Designates whether the foreign key is an import (points to other tables) or export (referenced from other tables) key.

sys_indexes

Describes the available indexes. By filtering on indexes, you can write more selective queries with faster query response times.

The following query retrieves all indexes that are not primary keys:

SELECT * FROM sys_indexes WHERE IsPrimary='false'
Columns
Name Type Description
CatalogName String The name of the database containing the index.
SchemaName String The name of the schema containing the index.
TableName String The name of the table containing the index.
IndexName String The index name.
ColumnName String The name of the column associated with the index.
IsUnique Boolean True if the index is unique. False otherwise.
IsPrimary Boolean True if the index is a primary key. False otherwise.
Type Int16 An integer value corresponding to the index type: statistic (0), clustered (1), hashed (2), or other (3).
SortOrder String The sort order: A for ascending or D for descending.
OrdinalPosition Int16 The sequence number of the column in the index.

sys_connection_props

Returns information on the available connection properties and those set in the connection string.

When querying this table, the config connection string should be used:

jdbc:cdata:amazonathena:config:

This connection string enables you to query this table without a valid connection.

The following query retrieves all connection properties that have been set in the connection string or set through a default value:

SELECT * FROM sys_connection_props WHERE Value <> ''
Columns
Name Type Description
Name String The name of the connection property.
ShortDescription String A brief description.
Type String The data type of the connection property.
Default String The default value if one is not explicitly set.
Values String A comma-separated list of possible values. A validation error is thrown if another value is specified.
Value String The value you set or a preconfigured default.
Required Boolean Whether the property is required to connect.
Category String The category of the connection property.
IsSessionProperty String Whether the property is a session property, used to save information about the current connection.
Sensitivity String The sensitivity level of the property. This informs whether the property is obfuscated in logging and authentication forms.
PropertyName String A camel-cased truncated form of the connection property name.
Ordinal Int32 The index of the parameter.
CatOrdinal Int32 The index of the parameter category.
Hierarchy String Shows dependent properties associated that need to be set alongside this one.
Visible Boolean Informs whether the property is visible in the connection UI.
ETC String Various miscellaneous information about the property.

sys_sqlinfo

Describes the SELECT query processing that the connector can offload to the data source.

Collaborative Query Processing

When working with data sources that do not support SQL-92, you can query the sys_sqlinfo view to determine the query capabilities of the underlying APIs, expressed in SQL syntax.

Discovering the Data Source's SELECT Capabilities

Below is an example data set of SQL capabilities. Some aspects of SELECT functionality are returned in a comma-separated list if supported; otherwise, the column contains NO.

Name Description Possible Values
AGGREGATE_FUNCTIONS Supported aggregation functions. AVG, COUNT, MAX, MIN, SUM, DISTINCT
COUNT Whether COUNT function is supported. YES, NO
IDENTIFIER_QUOTE_OPEN_CHAR The opening character used to escape an identifier. [
IDENTIFIER_QUOTE_CLOSE_CHAR The closing character used to escape an identifier. ]
SUPPORTED_OPERATORS A list of supported SQL operators. =, >, <, >=, <=, <>, !=, LIKE, NOT LIKE, IN, NOT IN, IS NULL, IS NOT NULL, AND, OR
GROUP_BY Whether GROUP BY is supported, and, if so, the degree of support. NO, NO_RELATION, EQUALS_SELECT, SQL_GB_COLLATE
STRING_FUNCTIONS Supported string functions. LENGTH, CHAR, LOCATE, REPLACE, SUBSTRING, RTRIM, LTRIM, RIGHT, LEFT, UCASE, SPACE, SOUNDEX, LCASE, CONCAT, ASCII, REPEAT, OCTET, BIT, POSITION, INSERT, TRIM, UPPER, REGEXP, LOWER, DIFFERENCE, CHARACTER, SUBSTR, STR, REVERSE, PLAN, UUIDTOSTR, TRANSLATE, TRAILING, TO, STUFF, STRTOUUID, STRING, SPLIT, SORTKEY, SIMILAR, REPLICATE, PATINDEX, LPAD, LEN, LEADING, KEY, INSTR, INSERTSTR, HTML, GRAPHICAL, CONVERT, COLLATION, CHARINDEX, BYTE
NUMERIC_FUNCTIONS Supported numeric functions. ABS, ACOS, ASIN, ATAN, ATAN2, CEILING, COS, COT, EXP, FLOOR, LOG, MOD, SIGN, SIN, SQRT, TAN, PI, RAND, DEGREES, LOG10, POWER, RADIANS, ROUND, TRUNCATE
TIMEDATE_FUNCTIONS Supported date/time functions. NOW, CURDATE, DAYOFMONTH, DAYOFWEEK, DAYOFYEAR, MONTH, QUARTER, WEEK, YEAR, CURTIME, HOUR, MINUTE, SECOND, TIMESTAMPADD, TIMESTAMPDIFF, DAYNAME, MONTHNAME, CURRENT_DATE, CURRENT_TIME, CURRENT_TIMESTAMP, EXTRACT
REPLICATION_SKIP_TABLES Indicates tables skipped during replication.
REPLICATION_TIMECHECK_COLUMNS A string array containing a list of columns which will be used to check for (in the given order) to use as a modified column during replication.
IDENTIFIER_PATTERN String value indicating what string is valid for an identifier.
SUPPORT_TRANSACTION Indicates if the provider supports transactions such as commit and rollback. YES, NO
DIALECT Indicates the SQL dialect to use.
KEY_PROPERTIES Indicates the properties which identify the uniform database.
SUPPORTS_MULTIPLE_SCHEMAS Indicates if multiple schemas may exist for the provider. YES, NO
SUPPORTS_MULTIPLE_CATALOGS Indicates if multiple catalogs may exist for the provider. YES, NO
DATASYNCVERSION The Data Sync version needed to access this driver. Standard, Starter, Professional, Enterprise
DATASYNCCATEGORY The Data Sync category of this driver. Source, Destination, Cloud Destination
SUPPORTSENHANCEDSQL Whether enhanced SQL functionality beyond what is offered by the API is supported. TRUE, FALSE
SUPPORTS_BATCH_OPERATIONS Whether batch operations are supported. YES, NO
SQL_CAP All supported SQL capabilities for this driver. SELECT, INSERT, DELETE, UPDATE, TRANSACTIONS, ORDERBY, OAUTH, ASSIGNEDID, LIMIT, LIKE, BULKINSERT, COUNT, BULKDELETE, BULKUPDATE, GROUPBY, HAVING, AGGS, OFFSET, REPLICATE, COUNTDISTINCT, JOINS, DROP, CREATE, DISTINCT, INNERJOINS, SUBQUERIES, ALTER, MULTIPLESCHEMAS, GROUPBYNORELATION, OUTERJOINS, UNIONALL, UNION, UPSERT, GETDELETED, CROSSJOINS, GROUPBYCOLLATE, MULTIPLECATS, FULLOUTERJOIN, MERGE, JSONEXTRACT, BULKUPSERT, SUM, SUBQUERIESFULL, MIN, MAX, JOINSFULL, XMLEXTRACT, AVG, MULTISTATEMENTS, FOREIGNKEYS, CASE, LEFTJOINS, COMMAJOINS, WITH, LITERALS, RENAME, NESTEDTABLES, EXECUTE, BATCH, BASIC, INDEX
PREFERRED_CACHE_OPTIONS A string value specifies the preferred cacheOptions.
ENABLE_EF_ADVANCED_QUERY Indicates if the driver directly supports advanced queries coming from Entity Framework. If not, queries will be handled client side. YES, NO
PSEUDO_COLUMNS A string array indicating the available pseudo columns.
MERGE_ALWAYS If the value is true, The Merge Mode is forcibly executed in Data Sync. TRUE, FALSE
REPLICATION_MIN_DATE_QUERY A select query to return the replicate start datetime.
REPLICATION_MIN_FUNCTION Allows a provider to specify the formula name to use for executing a server side min.
REPLICATION_START_DATE Allows a provider to specify a replicate startdate.
REPLICATION_MAX_DATE_QUERY A select query to return the replicate end datetime.
REPLICATION_MAX_FUNCTION Allows a provider to specify the formula name to use for executing a server side max.
IGNORE_INTERVALS_ON_INITIAL_REPLICATE A list of tables which will skip dividing the replicate into chunks on the initial replicate.
CHECKCACHE_USE_PARENTID Indicates whether the CheckCache statement should be done against the parent key column. TRUE, FALSE
CREATE_SCHEMA_PROCEDURES Indicates stored procedures that can be used for generating schema files.

The following query retrieves the operators that can be used in the WHERE clause:

SELECT * FROM sys_sqlinfo WHERE Name='SUPPORTED_OPERATORS'

Note that individual tables may have different limitations or requirements on the WHERE clause; refer to the Data Model section for more information.

Columns
Name Type Description
NAME String A component of SQL syntax, or a capability that can be processed on the server.
VALUE String Detail on the supported SQL or SQL syntax.

sys_identity

Returns information about attempted modifications.

The following query retrieves the Ids of the modified rows in a batch operation:

SELECT * FROM sys_identity
Columns
Name Type Description
Id String The database-generated ID returned from a data modification operation.
Batch String An identifier for the batch. 1 for a single operation.
Operation String The result of the operation in the batch: INSERTED, UPDATED, or DELETED.
Message String SUCCESS or an error message if the update in the batch failed.

Advanced Configurations Properties

The advanced configurations properties are the various options that can be used to establish a connection. This section provides a complete list of the options you can configure. Click the links for further details.

Authentication

Property Description
AthenaVPCEndpoint Your Athena VPC Endpoint. It will override the default athena.{region}.amazonaws.com endpoint.
S3StagingDirectory Specifies the location Amazon Athena will use to store the results of a query.
EncryptionType Specifies the encryption option for query results in Athena.
EncryptionKey Specifies the encryption key when encrypting results stored in S3.
Database The name of the Athena database.
DataSource The name of the Athena Data Source.

Connection

Property Description
CrossAccountId The Account ID to use when retrieving metadata from Glue. Default is current account id.
SimpleUploadLimit This setting specifies the threshold, in bytes, above which the provider will choose to perform a multipart upload rather than uploading everything in one request.

AWS Authentication

Property Description
AuthScheme The scheme used for authentication. Accepted entries are: Auto, , AwsRootKeys , AwsIAMRoles , AwsEC2Roles , AwsMFA , ADFS, Okta, PingFederate , AwsCredentialsFile , AwsCognitoBasic , AwsCognitoSrp.
AWSAccessKey Your AWS account access key. This value is accessible from your AWS security credentials page.
AWSSecretKey Your AWS account secret key. This value is accessible from your AWS security credentials page.
AWSRoleARN The Amazon Resource Name of the role to use when authenticating.
AWSPrincipalARN The ARN of the SAML Identity provider in your AWS account.
AWSRegion The hosting region for your Amazon Web Services.
AWSCredentialsFile The path to the AWS Credentials File to be used for authentication.
AWSCredentialsFileProfile The name of the profile to be used from the supplied AWSCredentialsFile.
AWSSessionToken Your AWS session token.
AWSExternalId A unique identifier that might be required when you assume a role in another account.
MFASerialNumber The serial number of the MFA device if one is being used.
MFAToken The temporary token available from your MFA device.
TemporaryTokenDuration The amount of time (in seconds) a temporary token will last.
AWSCognitoRegion The hosting region for AWS Cognito.
AWSUserPoolId The User Pool Id.
AWSUserPoolClientAppId The User Pool Client App Id.
AWSUserPoolClientAppSecret Optional. The User Pool Client App Secret.
AWSIdentityPoolId The Identity Pool Id.

SSO

Property Description
User The IDP user used to authenticate the IDP via SSO.
Password The password used to authenticate the IDP user via SSO.
SSOLoginURL The identity provider's login URL.
SSOProperties Additional properties required to connect to the identity provider in a semicolon-separated list.
SSOExchangeUrl The URL used for consuming the SAML response and exchanging it with Amazon Athena specific credentials.

OAuth

Property Description
InitiateOAuth Set this property to initiate the process to obtain or refresh the OAuth access token when you connect.
OAuthClientId The client ID assigned when you register your application with an OAuth authorization server.
OAuthClientSecret The client secret assigned when you register your application with an OAuth authorization server.
OAuthAccessToken The access token for connecting using OAuth.
OAuthSettingsLocation The location of the settings file where OAuth values are saved when InitiateOAuth is set to GETANDREFRESH or REFRESH. Alternatively, you can hold this location in memory by specifying a value starting with 'memory://'.
CallbackURL The OAuth callback URL to return to when authenticating. This value must match the callback URL you specify in your app settings.
OAuthVerifier The verifier code returned from the OAuth authorization URL.
OAuthRefreshToken The OAuth refresh token for the corresponding OAuth access token.
OAuthExpiresIn The lifetime in seconds of the OAuth AccessToken.
OAuthTokenTimestamp The Unix epoch timestamp in milliseconds when the current Access Token was created.

SSL

Property Description
SSLServerCert The certificate to be accepted from the server when connecting using TLS/SSL.

Schema

Property Description
Location A path to the directory that contains the schema files defining tables, views, and stored procedures.
BrowsableSchemas This property restricts the schemas reported to a subset of the available schemas. For example, BrowsableSchemas=SchemaA, SchemaB, SchemaC.
Tables This property restricts the tables reported to a subset of the available tables. For example, Tables=TableA, TableB, TableC.
Views Restricts the views reported to a subset of the available tables. For example, Views=ViewA, ViewB, ViewC.

Miscellaneous

Property Description
CleanQueryResults Amazon Athena produces cache files with every query, in the folder specified in S3StagingDirectory . CleanQueryResults specifies whether these files should be deleted once the connection is closed.
EnableFIPSMode A boolean indicating if FIPS URLs should be enabled.
IncludeTableTypes If set to true, the provider will query for the types of individual tables.
MaximumColumnSize The maximum column size.
MaxRows Limits the number of rows returned rows when no aggregation or group by is used in the query. This helps avoid performance issues at design time.
MetadataDiscoveryMethod API to use to retrieve the metadata for Amazon Athena.
Other These hidden properties are used only in specific use cases.
PageSize The number of results to return per page of data retrieved from Amazon Athena.
PollingInterval This determines the polling interval in milliseconds to check whether the result is ready to be retrieved.
PseudoColumns This property indicates whether or not to include pseudo columns as columns to the table.
QueryCachingLevel Modifies the usage of query results stored in S3StagingDirectory . Cached queries will not be scanned again by Amazon Athena until the amount of seconds specified in QueryTolerance has passed.
QueryPassthrough This option passes the query to the Amazon Athena server as is.
QueryTimeout The timeout in seconds for requests issued by the provider to download large result sets.
QueryTolerance Specifies the amount of time in seconds queries cache for if QueryCachingLevel is not set to None.
ShowS3Filepath Whether or not to expose the _S3Path column for the Amazon Athena tables.
SkipHeaderLineCount Specifies the number of header rows to skip for SELECT queries.
Timeout The value in seconds until the timeout error is thrown, canceling the operation.
Workgroup Work group of the executed queries.

Authentication

This section provides a complete list of authentication properties you can configure.

Property Description
AthenaVPCEndpoint Your Athena VPC Endpoint. It will override the default athena.{region}.amazonaws.com endpoint.
S3StagingDirectory Specifies the location Amazon Athena will use to store the results of a query.
EncryptionType Specifies the encryption option for query results in Athena.
EncryptionKey Specifies the encryption key when encrypting results stored in S3.
Database The name of the Athena database.
DataSource The name of the Athena Data Source.

AthenaVPCEndpoint

Your Athena VPC Endpoint. It will override the default athena.{region}.amazonaws.com endpoint.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

Your Athena VPC Endpoint. It will override the default athena.{region}.amazonaws.com endpoint.

S3StagingDirectory

Specifies the location Amazon Athena will use to store the results of a query.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

Specifies the location Amazon Athena will use to store the results of a query. This folder can occupy space over the course of time and you may want to clean it manually if CleanQueryResults is not enabled.

EncryptionType

Specifies the encryption option for query results in Athena.

Possible Values

None, SSE_S3, SSE_KMS, CSE_KMS

Data Type

string

Default Value

None

Remarks

Specifies the encryption option for query results in Athena. This option is required if you have configured Amazon Athena to encrypt query results; Set EncryptionType and EncryptionKey if you would like to encrypt the result set stored in S3 after query execution. Note that setting these properties does not encrypt the result set in S3StagingDirectory.

To encrypt Amazon Athena query results, follow the following steps:

  1. Navigate to Amazon Athena Console.
  2. Click Settings.
  3. Enable the Encrypt Query Results option.
  4. Select the Encryption type.
  5. If you selected SSE-KMS or CSE-KMS, select an encryption key in the menu or click Create KMS Key. Set EncryptionKey in addition to EncryptionType when you connect.

EncryptionKey

Specifies the encryption key when encrypting results stored in S3.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

Specifies the encryption key when encrypting results stored in S3. This option is required if the EncryptionType is set to SSE_KMS or CSE_KMS.

Set EncryptionType and EncryptionKey if you would like to encrypt the result set stored in S3 after query execution. Note that this does not encrypt the result set in S3StagingDirectory.

Enabling Encryption

To enable the encryption of results stored in S3, see Fine-Tuning Data Access.

Obtaining an Encryption Key

You can create a key when you enable encryption. Or, create a key in the IAM console: Click Encryption Keys, select a region, and then click Create Key. To obtain the key, sign into the AWS Management console and click Services -> IAM -> Encryption Keys -> Create Key.

Database

The name of the Athena database.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

The database to connect to when querying Athena; if not set the default database set in Amazon Athena is used.

DataSource

The name of the Athena Data Source.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

The data source to connect to when querying Athena; if not set the default, AwsDataCatalog, data source set in Amazon Athena is used.

Connection

This section provides a complete list of connection properties you can configure.

Property Description
CrossAccountId The Account ID to use when retrieving metadata from Glue. Default is current account id.
SimpleUploadLimit This setting specifies the threshold, in bytes, above which the provider will choose to perform a multipart upload rather than uploading everything in one request.

CrossAccountId

The Account ID to use when retrieving metadata from Glue. Default is current account id.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

When the property MetadataDiscoveryMethod has been set to 'Glue' then user is able to specify a Cross Account ID which they have permissions to access, and this account will be used to retrieve metadata. See more information here: https://docs.aws.amazon.com/glue/latest/dg/cross-account-access.html

SimpleUploadLimit

This setting specifies the threshold, in bytes, above which the provider will choose to perform a multipart upload rather than uploading everything in one request.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

This setting specifies the threshold, in bytes, above which the connector will choose to perform a multipart upload rather than uploading everything in one request.

AWS Authentication

This section provides a complete list of AWS authentication properties you can configure.

Property Description
AuthScheme The scheme used for authentication. Accepted entries are: Auto, , AwsRootKeys , AwsIAMRoles , AwsEC2Roles , AwsMFA , ADFS, Okta, PingFederate , AwsCredentialsFile , AwsCognitoBasic , AwsCognitoSrp.
AWSAccessKey Your AWS account access key. This value is accessible from your AWS security credentials page.
AWSSecretKey Your AWS account secret key. This value is accessible from your AWS security credentials page.
AWSRoleARN The Amazon Resource Name of the role to use when authenticating.
AWSPrincipalARN The ARN of the SAML Identity provider in your AWS account.
AWSRegion The hosting region for your Amazon Web Services.
AWSCredentialsFile The path to the AWS Credentials File to be used for authentication.
AWSCredentialsFileProfile The name of the profile to be used from the supplied AWSCredentialsFile.
AWSSessionToken Your AWS session token.
AWSExternalId A unique identifier that might be required when you assume a role in another account.
MFASerialNumber The serial number of the MFA device if one is being used.
MFAToken The temporary token available from your MFA device.
TemporaryTokenDuration The amount of time (in seconds) a temporary token will last.
AWSCognitoRegion The hosting region for AWS Cognito.
AWSUserPoolId The User Pool Id.
AWSUserPoolClientAppId The User Pool Client App Id.
AWSUserPoolClientAppSecret Optional. The User Pool Client App Secret.
AWSIdentityPoolId The Identity Pool Id.

AuthScheme

The scheme used for authentication. Accepted entries are: Auto, , AwsRootKeys , AwsIAMRoles , AwsEC2Roles , AwsMFA , ADFS, Okta, PingFederate , AwsCredentialsFile , AwsCognitoBasic , AwsCognitoSrp.

Possible Values

Auto, ADFS, AwsRootKeys, AwsIAMRoles, AwsEC2Roles, AwsMFA, AwsCredentialsFile, Okta, TemporaryCredentials, PingFederate, AwsCognitoBasic, AwsCognitoSrp, AzureAD

Data Type

string

Default Value

Auto

Remarks

Use the following options to select your authentication scheme:

  • Auto: Set this to have the connector attempt to automatically resolve the proper authentication scheme to use based on the other connection properties specified.
  • TemporaryCredentials: Set this to leverage temporary security credentials alongside a session token to connect.
  • AwsRootKeys: Set this to use the root user access key and secret. Useful for quickly testing, but production use cases are encouraged to use something with narrowed permissions.
  • AwsIAMRoles: Set to use IAM Roles for the connection.
  • AwsEC2Roles: Set this to automatically use IAM Roles assigned to the EC2 machine the Amazon Athena connector is currently running on.
  • AwsMFA: Set to use multi factor authentication.
  • Okta: Set to use a single sign on connection with OKTA as the identity provider.
  • ADFS: Set to use a single sign on connection with ADFS as the identity provider.
  • PingFederate: Set to use a single sign on connection with PingFederate as the identity provider.
  • AwsCredentialsFile: Set to use a credential file for authentication.
  • AwsCognitoSrp: Set to use Cognito based authentication. This is recommended over AwsCognitoBasic because this option does NOT send the password to the server for authentication, instead it uses the SRP protocol.
  • AwsCognitoBasic: Set to use Cognito based authentication.

AWSAccessKey

Your AWS account access key. This value is accessible from your AWS security credentials page.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

Your AWS account access key. This value is accessible from your AWS security credentials page:

  1. Sign into the AWS Management console with the credentials for your root account.
  2. Select your account name or number and select My Security Credentials in the menu that is displayed.
  3. Click Continue to Security Credentials and expand the Access Keys section to manage or create root account access keys.

AWSSecretKey

Your AWS account secret key. This value is accessible from your AWS security credentials page.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

Your AWS account secret key. This value is accessible from your AWS security credentials page:

  1. Sign into the AWS Management console with the credentials for your root account.
  2. Select your account name or number and select My Security Credentials in the menu that is displayed.
  3. Click Continue to Security Credentials and expand the Access Keys section to manage or create root account access keys.

AWSRoleARN

The Amazon Resource Name of the role to use when authenticating.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

When authenticating outside of AWS, it is common to use a Role for authentication instead of your direct AWS account credentials. Entering the AWSRoleARN will cause the Amazon Athena connector to perform a role based authentication instead of using the AWSAccessKey and AWSSecretKey directly. The AWSAccessKey and AWSSecretKey must still be specified to perform this authentication. You cannot use the credentials of an AWS root user when setting RoleARN. The AWSAccessKey and AWSSecretKey must be those of an IAM user.

AWSPrincipalARN

The ARN of the SAML Identity provider in your AWS account.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

The ARN of the SAML Identity provider in your AWS account.

AWSRegion

The hosting region for your Amazon Web Services.

Possible Values

OHIO, NORTHERNVIRGINIA, NORTHERNCALIFORNIA, OREGON, CAPETOWN, HONGKONG, MUMBAI, OSAKA, SEOUL, SINGAPORE, SYDNEY, TOKYO, CENTRAL, BEIJING, NINGXIA, FRANKFURT, IRELAND, LONDON, MILAN, PARIS, STOCKHOLM, BAHRAIN, SAOPAULO, GOVCLOUDEAST, GOVCLOUDWEST

Data Type

string

Default Value

NORTHERNVIRGINIA

Remarks

The hosting region for your Amazon Web Services. Available values are OHIO, NORTHERNVIRGINIA, NORTHERNCALIFORNIA, OREGON, CAPETOWN, HONGKONG, MUMBAI, OSAKA, SEOUL, SINGAPORE, SYDNEY, TOKYO, CENTRAL, BEIJING, NINGXIA, FRANKFURT, IRELAND, LONDON, MILAN, PARIS, STOCKHOLM, BAHRAIN, SAOPAULO, GOVCLOUDEAST, and GOVCLOUDWEST.

AWSCredentialsFile

The path to the AWS Credentials File to be used for authentication.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

The path to the AWS Credentials File to be used for authentication. See https://docs.aws.amazon.com/cli/latest/userguide/cli-configure-files.html for more information.

AWSCredentialsFileProfile

The name of the profile to be used from the supplied AWSCredentialsFile.

Data Type

string

Default Value

default

Remarks

The name of the profile to be used from the supplied AWSCredentialsFile. See https://docs.aws.amazon.com/cli/latest/userguide/cli-configure-files.html for more information.

AWSSessionToken

Your AWS session token.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

Your AWS session token. This value can be retrieved in different ways. See this link for more info.

AWSExternalId

A unique identifier that might be required when you assume a role in another account.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

A unique identifier that might be required when you assume a role in another account.

MFASerialNumber

The serial number of the MFA device if one is being used.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

You can find the device for an IAM user by going to the AWS Management Console and viewing the user's security credentials. For virtual devices, this is actually an Amazon Resource Name (such as arn:aws:iam:123456789012:mfa/user).

MFAToken

The temporary token available from your MFA device.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

If MFA is required, this value will be used along with the MFASerialNumber to retrieve temporary credentials to login. The temporary credentials available from AWS will only last up to 1 hour by default (see TemporaryTokenDuration). Once the time is up, the connection must be updated to specify a new MFA token so that new credentials may be obtained.

TemporaryTokenDuration

The amount of time (in seconds) a temporary token will last.

Data Type

string

Default Value

3600

Remarks

Temporary tokens are used with both MFA and Role based authentication. Temporary tokens will eventually time out, at which time a new temporary token must be obtained. For situations where MFA is not used, this is not a big deal. The Amazon Athena connector will internally request a new temporary token once the temporary token has expired.

However, for MFA required connection, a new MFAToken must be specified in the connection to retrieve a new temporary token. This is a more intrusive issue since it requires an update to the connection by the user. The maximum and minimum that can be specified will depend largely on the connection being used.

For Role based authentication, the minimum duration is 900 seconds (15 minutes) while the maximum if 3600 (1 hour). Even if MFA is used with role based authentication, 3600 is still the maximum.

For MFA authentication by itself (using an IAM User or root user), the minimum is 900 seconds (15 minutes), the maximum is 129600 (36 hours).

AWSCognitoRegion

The hosting region for AWS Cognito.

Possible Values

OHIO, NORTHERNVIRGINIA, NORTHERNCALIFORNIA, OREGON, CAPETOWN, HONGKONG, MUMBAI, OSAKA, SEOUL, SINGAPORE, SYDNEY, TOKYO, CENTRAL, BEIJING, NINGXIA, FRANKFURT, IRELAND, LONDON, MILAN, PARIS, STOCKHOLM, BAHRAIN, SAOPAULO, GOVCLOUDEAST, GOVCLOUDWEST

Data Type

string

Default Value

NORTHERNVIRGINIA

Remarks

The hosting region for AWS Cognito. Available values are OHIO, NORTHERNVIRGINIA, NORTHERNCALIFORNIA, OREGON, CAPETOWN, HONGKONG, MUMBAI, OSAKA, SEOUL, SINGAPORE, SYDNEY, TOKYO, CENTRAL, BEIJING, NINGXIA, FRANKFURT, IRELAND, LONDON, MILAN, PARIS, STOCKHOLM, BAHRAIN, SAOPAULO, GOVCLOUDEAST, and GOVCLOUDWEST.

AWSUserPoolId

The User Pool Id.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

You can find this in AWS Cognito -> Manage User Pools -> select your user pool -> General settings -> Pool Id.

AWSUserPoolClientAppId

The User Pool Client App Id.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

You can find this in AWS Cognito -> Manage Identity Pools -> select your user pool -> General settings -> App clients -> App client Id.

AWSUserPoolClientAppSecret

Optional. The User Pool Client App Secret.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

You can find this in AWS Cognito -> Manage Identity Pools -> select your user pool -> General settings -> App clients -> App client secret.

AWSIdentityPoolId

The Identity Pool Id.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

You can find this in AWS Cognito -> Manage Identity Pools -> select your identity pool -> Edit identity pool -> Identity Pool Id

SSO

This section provides a complete list of SSO properties you can configure.

Property Description
User The IDP user used to authenticate the IDP via SSO.
Password The password used to authenticate the IDP user via SSO.
SSOLoginURL The identity provider's login URL.
SSOProperties Additional properties required to connect to the identity provider in a semicolon-separated list.
SSOExchangeUrl The URL used for consuming the SAML response and exchanging it with Amazon Athena specific credentials.

User

The IDP user used to authenticate the IDP via SSO.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

Together with Password, this field is used to authenticate in SSO connections against the Amazon Athena server.

Password

The password used to authenticate the IDP user via SSO.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

The User and Password are together used in SSO connections to authenticate with the server.

SSOLoginURL

The identity provider's login URL.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

The identity provider's login URL.

SSOProperties

Additional properties required to connect to the identity provider in a semicolon-separated list.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

Additional properties required to connect to the identity provider in a semicolon-separated list. SSOProperties is used in conjunction with the the AWSRoleARN and AWSPrincipalARN. The following section provides an example using the OKTA identity provider.

Authenticating with ADFS

Set the AuthScheme to ADFS. The following connection properties need to be set:

  • User: Set this to the ADFS user.
  • Password: Set this to ADFS password for the user.
  • SSOLoginURL: Set this to the login URL used by the SSO provider.

Below is an example connection string:

AuthScheme=ADFS; AWSRegion=Ireland; Database=sampledb; User=user@cdata.com; Password=CH8WerW121235647iCa6; SSOLoginURL='https://adfs.domain.com'; AWSRoleArn=arn:aws:iam:1234:role/ADFS_SSO; AWSPrincipalArn=arn:aws:iam:1234:saml-provider/ADFSProvider; S3StagingDirectory=s3://athena/staging;
ADFS Integrated

The ADFS Integrated flow indicates you are connecting with the currently logged in Windows user credentials. To use the ADFS Integrated flow, simply do not specify the User and Password, but otherwise follow the same steps in the ADFS guide above.

Authenticating with Okta

Set the AuthScheme to Okta. The following connection properties are used to connect to Okta:

  • User: Set this to the Okta user.
  • Password: Set this to Okta password for the user.
  • SSOLoginURL: Set this to the login URL used by the SSO provider.

The following SSOProperties are needed to authenticate to Okta:

  • APIToken (optional): Set this to the API Token that the customer created from the Okta org. It should be used when authenticating a user via a trusted application or proxy that overrides OKTA client request context.
  • MFAType (optional): Set this only in case you have configured MFA flow. Currently we support only the follwoing types: OktaVerify,Email and SMS.
  • MFAPassCode (optional): Set this only in case you have configured MFA flow. If this is set to empty/invalid the driver will initially issue a MFA challenge which will trigger the platform to send you an one-time password on your device or email, based on the configured MFA type. You need to re-issue another connection where the retrieved one-time password value is passed to MFAPassCode connection property.

The following is an example connection string:

AuthScheme=Okta; AWSRegion=Ireland; Database=sampledb; User=user@cdata.com; Password=CH8WerW121235647iCa6; SSOLoginURL='https://cdata-us.okta.com/home/amazon_aws/0oa35m8arsAL5f5NrE6NdA356/272'; SSOProperties='ApiToken=01230GGG2ceAnm_tPAf4MhiMELXZ0L0N1pAYrO1VR-hGQSf;'; AWSRoleArn=arn:aws:iam:1234:role/Okta_SSO; AWSPrincipalARN=arn:aws:iam:1234:saml-provider/OktaProvider; S3StagingDirectory=s3://athena/staging;

SSOExchangeUrl

The URL used for consuming the SAML response and exchanging it with Amazon Athena specific credentials.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

The Amazon Athena connector will use the URL specified here to consume a SAML response and retrieve Amazon Athena specific credentials. The retrieved credentials are the final piece during the SSO connection that are used to communicate with Amazon Athena.

OAuth

This section provides a complete list of OAuth properties you can configure.

Property Description
InitiateOAuth Set this property to initiate the process to obtain or refresh the OAuth access token when you connect.
OAuthClientId The client ID assigned when you register your application with an OAuth authorization server.
OAuthClientSecret The client secret assigned when you register your application with an OAuth authorization server.
OAuthAccessToken The access token for connecting using OAuth.
OAuthSettingsLocation The location of the settings file where OAuth values are saved when InitiateOAuth is set to GETANDREFRESH or REFRESH. Alternatively, you can hold this location in memory by specifying a value starting with 'memory://'.
CallbackURL The OAuth callback URL to return to when authenticating. This value must match the callback URL you specify in your app settings.
OAuthVerifier The verifier code returned from the OAuth authorization URL.
OAuthRefreshToken The OAuth refresh token for the corresponding OAuth access token.
OAuthExpiresIn The lifetime in seconds of the OAuth AccessToken.
OAuthTokenTimestamp The Unix epoch timestamp in milliseconds when the current Access Token was created.

InitiateOAuth

Set this property to initiate the process to obtain or refresh the OAuth access token when you connect.

Possible Values

OFF, GETANDREFRESH, REFRESH

Data Type

string

Default Value

OFF

Remarks

The following options are available:

  1. OFF: Indicates that the OAuth flow will be handled entirely by the user. An OAuthAccessToken will be required to authenticate.
  2. GETANDREFRESH: Indicates that the entire OAuth Flow will be handled by the connector. If no token currently exists, it will be obtained by prompting the user via the browser. If a token exists, it will be refreshed when applicable.
  3. REFRESH: Indicates that the connector will only handle refreshing the OAuthAccessToken. The user will never be prompted by the connector to authenticate via the browser. The user must handle obtaining the OAuthAccessToken and OAuthRefreshToken initially.

OAuthClientId

The client ID assigned when you register your application with an OAuth authorization server.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

As part of registering an OAuth application, you will receive the OAuthClientId value, sometimes also called a consumer key, and a client secret, the OAuthClientSecret.

OAuthClientSecret

The client secret assigned when you register your application with an OAuth authorization server.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

As part of registering an OAuth application, you will receive the OAuthClientId, also called a consumer key. You will also receive a client secret, also called a consumer secret. Set the client secret in the OAuthClientSecret property.

OAuthAccessToken

The access token for connecting using OAuth.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

The OAuthAccessToken property is used to connect using OAuth. The OAuthAccessToken is retrieved from the OAuth server as part of the authentication process. It has a server-dependent timeout and can be reused between requests.

The access token is used in place of your user name and password. The access token protects your credentials by keeping them on the server.

OAuthSettingsLocation

The location of the settings file where OAuth values are saved when InitiateOAuth is set to GETANDREFRESH or REFRESH. Alternatively, you can hold this location in memory by specifying a value starting with 'memory://'.

Data Type

string

Default Value

%APPDATA%\CData\Acumatica Data Provider\OAuthSettings.txt

Remarks

When InitiateOAuth is set to GETANDREFRESH or REFRESH, the driver saves OAuth values to avoid requiring the user to manually enter OAuth connection properties and to allow the credentials to be shared across connections or processes.

Instead of specifying a file path, you can use memory storage. Memory locations are specified by using a value starting with 'memory://' followed by a unique identifier for that set of credentials (for example, memory://user1). The identifier can be anything you choose but should be unique to the user. Unlike file-based storage, where credentials persist across connections, memory storage loads the credentials into static memory, and the credentials are shared between connections using the same identifier for the life of the process. To persist credentials outside the current process, you must manually store the credentials prior to closing the connection. This enables you to set them in the connection when the process is started again. You can retrieve OAuth property values with a query to the sys_connection_props system table. If there are multiple connections using the same credentials, the properties are read from the previously closed connection.

The default location is "%APPDATA%\CData\Acumatica Data Provider\OAuthSettings.txt" with %APPDATA% set to the user's configuration directory. The default values are

  • Windows: "register://%DSN"
  • Unix: "%AppData%..."

where DSN is the name of the current DSN used in the open connection.

The following table lists the value of %APPDATA% by OS:

Platform %APPDATA%
Windows The value of the APPDATA environment variable
Linux ~/.config

CallbackURL

The OAuth callback URL to return to when authenticating. This value must match the callback URL you specify in your app settings.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

During the authentication process, the OAuth authorization server redirects the user to this URL. This value must match the callback URL you specify in your app settings.

OAuthVerifier

The verifier code returned from the OAuth authorization URL.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

The verifier code returned from the OAuth authorization URL. This can be used on systems where a browser cannot be launched such as headless systems.

Authentication on Headless Machines

See to obtain the OAuthVerifier value.

Set OAuthSettingsLocation along with OAuthVerifier. When you connect, the connector exchanges the OAuthVerifier for the OAuth authentication tokens and saves them, encrypted, to the specified file. Set InitiateOAuth to GETANDREFRESH automate the exchange.

Once the OAuth settings file has been generated, you can remove OAuthVerifier from the connection properties and connect with OAuthSettingsLocation set.

To automatically refresh the OAuth token values, set OAuthSettingsLocation and additionally set InitiateOAuth to REFRESH.

OAuthRefreshToken

The OAuth refresh token for the corresponding OAuth access token.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

The OAuthRefreshToken property is used to refresh the OAuthAccessToken when using OAuth authentication.

OAuthExpiresIn

The lifetime in seconds of the OAuth AccessToken.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

Pair with OAuthTokenTimestamp to determine when the AccessToken will expire.

OAuthTokenTimestamp

The Unix epoch timestamp in milliseconds when the current Access Token was created.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

Pair with OAuthExpiresIn to determine when the AccessToken will expire.

SSL

This section provides a complete list of SSL properties you can configure.

Property Description
SSLServerCert The certificate to be accepted from the server when connecting using TLS/SSL.

SSLServerCert

The certificate to be accepted from the server when connecting using TLS/SSL.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

If using a TLS/SSL connection, this property can be used to specify the TLS/SSL certificate to be accepted from the server. Any other certificate that is not trusted by the machine is rejected.

This property can take the following forms:

Description Example
A full PEM Certificate (example shortened for brevity) -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- MIIChTCCAe4CAQAwDQYJKoZIhv......Qw== -----END CERTIFICATE-----
A path to a local file containing the certificate C:\cert.cer
The public key (example shortened for brevity) -----BEGIN RSA PUBLIC KEY----- MIGfMA0GCSq......AQAB -----END RSA PUBLIC KEY-----
The MD5 Thumbprint (hex values can also be either space or colon separated) ecadbdda5a1529c58a1e9e09828d70e4
The SHA1 Thumbprint (hex values can also be either space or colon separated) 34a929226ae0819f2ec14b4a3d904f801cbb150d

If not specified, any certificate trusted by the machine is accepted.

Certificates are validated as trusted by the machine based on the System's trust store. The trust store used is the 'javax.net.ssl.trustStore' value specified for the system. If no value is specified for this property, Java's default trust store is used (for example, JAVA_HOME\lib\security\cacerts).

Use '*' to signify to accept all certificates. Note that this is not recommended due to security concerns.

Schema

This section provides a complete list of schema properties you can configure.

Property Description
Location A path to the directory that contains the schema files defining tables, views, and stored procedures.
BrowsableSchemas This property restricts the schemas reported to a subset of the available schemas. For example, BrowsableSchemas=SchemaA, SchemaB, SchemaC.
Tables This property restricts the tables reported to a subset of the available tables. For example, Tables=TableA, TableB, TableC.
Views Restricts the views reported to a subset of the available tables. For example, Views=ViewA, ViewB, ViewC.

Location

A path to the directory that contains the schema files defining tables, views, and stored procedures.

Data Type

string

Default Value

%APPDATA%\AmazonAthena Data Provider\Schema

Remarks

The path to a directory which contains the schema files for the connector (.rsd files for tables and views, .rsb files for stored procedures). The folder location can be a relative path from the location of the executable. The Location property is only needed if you want to customize definitions (for example, change a column name, ignore a column, and so on) or extend the data model with new tables, views, or stored procedures.

If left unspecified, the default location is "%APPDATA%\AmazonAthena Data Provider\Schema" with %APPDATA% being set to the user's configuration directory:

Platform %APPDATA%
Windows The value of the APPDATA environment variable
Mac ~/Library/Application Support
Linux ~/.config

BrowsableSchemas

This property restricts the schemas reported to a subset of the available schemas. For example, BrowsableSchemas=SchemaA,SchemaB,SchemaC.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

Listing the schemas from databases can be expensive. Providing a list of schemas in the connection string improves the performance.

Tables

This property restricts the tables reported to a subset of the available tables. For example, Tables=TableA,TableB,TableC.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

Listing the tables from some databases can be expensive. Providing a list of tables in the connection string improves the performance of the connector.

This property can also be used as an alternative to automatically listing views if you already know which ones you want to work with and there would otherwise be too many to work with.

Specify the tables you want in a comma-separated list. Each table should be a valid SQL identifier with any special characters escaped using square brackets, double-quotes or backticks. For example, Tables=TableA,[TableB/WithSlash],WithCatalog.WithSchema.`TableC With Space`.

Note that when connecting to a data source with multiple schemas or catalogs, you will need to provide the fully qualified name of the table in this property, as in the last example here, to avoid ambiguity between tables that exist in multiple catalogs or schemas.

Views

Restricts the views reported to a subset of the available tables. For example, Views=ViewA,ViewB,ViewC.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

Listing the views from some databases can be expensive. Providing a list of views in the connection string improves the performance of the connector.

This property can also be used as an alternative to automatically listing views if you already know which ones you want to work with and there would otherwise be too many to work with.

Specify the views you want in a comma-separated list. Each view should be a valid SQL identifier with any special characters escaped using square brackets, double-quotes or backticks. For example, Views=ViewA,[ViewB/WithSlash],WithCatalog.WithSchema.`ViewC With Space`.

Note that when connecting to a data source with multiple schemas or catalogs, you will need to provide the fully qualified name of the table in this property, as in the last example here, to avoid ambiguity between tables that exist in multiple catalogs or schemas.

Miscellaneous

This section provides a complete list of miscellaneous properties you can configure.

Property Description
CleanQueryResults Amazon Athena produces cache files with every query, in the folder specified in S3StagingDirectory . CleanQueryResults specifies whether these files should be deleted once the connection is closed.
EnableFIPSMode A boolean indicating if FIPS URLs should be enabled.
IncludeTableTypes If set to true, the provider will query for the types of individual tables.
MaximumColumnSize The maximum column size.
MaxRows Limits the number of rows returned rows when no aggregation or group by is used in the query. This helps avoid performance issues at design time.
MetadataDiscoveryMethod API to use to retrieve the metadata for Amazon Athena.
Other These hidden properties are used only in specific use cases.
PageSize The number of results to return per page of data retrieved from Amazon Athena.
PollingInterval This determines the polling interval in milliseconds to check whether the result is ready to be retrieved.
PseudoColumns This property indicates whether or not to include pseudo columns as columns to the table.
QueryCachingLevel Modifies the usage of query results stored in S3StagingDirectory . Cached queries will not be scanned again by Amazon Athena until the amount of seconds specified in QueryTolerance has passed.
QueryPassthrough This option passes the query to the Amazon Athena server as is.
QueryTimeout The timeout in seconds for requests issued by the provider to download large result sets.
QueryTolerance Specifies the amount of time in seconds queries cache for if QueryCachingLevel is not set to None.
ShowS3Filepath Whether or not to expose the _S3Path column for the Amazon Athena tables.
SkipHeaderLineCount Specifies the number of header rows to skip for SELECT queries.
Timeout The value in seconds until the timeout error is thrown, canceling the operation.
Workgroup Work group of the executed queries.

CleanQueryResults

Amazon Athena produces cache files with every query, in the folder specified in S3StagingDirectory . CleanQueryResults specifies whether these files should be deleted once the connection is closed.

Data Type

bool

Default Value

true

Remarks

Amazon Athena stores the results of every query you execute as a CSV file in S3StagingDirectory. These CSV files can quickly rack up a lot of space in Amazon S3.

You can use CleanQueryResults, enabled by default, to clean these files for every query executed. Note that this behavior will add a minor performance hit when you disconnect the last connection in a process.

See Also

See Fine-Tuning Data Access for more information on configuring Athena's query caching.

EnableFIPSMode

A boolean indicating if FIPS URLs should be enabled.

Data Type

bool

Default Value

false

Remarks

FIPS or Federal Information Processing Standard are seperate endpoints in Amazon that may be required for certain government organizations. Set EnableFIPSMode to true to switch to using these endpoints. See more information here: https://aws.amazon.com/compliance/fips/.

IncludeTableTypes

If set to true, the provider will query for the types of individual tables.

Data Type

bool

Default Value

false

Remarks

If set to true, the connector will either query Athena or Glue for the types of individual tables. MetadataDiscoveryMethod toggles the service which will be used to retrieve the types.

MaximumColumnSize

The maximum column size.

Data Type

int

Default Value

255

Remarks

Some tools restrain the largest size of a column or the total size of all the columns selected. You can set the MaximumColumnSize to overcome these schema-based restrictions. The connector will not report any column to be larger than the MaximumColumnSize.

Set a MaximumColumnSize of zero to eliminate limits on column size, as shown in the following example:

MaxRows

Limits the number of rows returned rows when no aggregation or group by is used in the query. This helps avoid performance issues at design time.

Data Type

int

Default Value

-1

Remarks

Limits the number of rows returned rows when no aggregation or group by is used in the query. This helps avoid performance issues at design time.

MetadataDiscoveryMethod

API to use to retrieve the metadata for Amazon Athena.

Possible Values

Glue, Athena

Data Type

string

Default Value

Athena

Remarks

API to use to retrieve the metadata for Amazon Athena.

Property Description
Glue When MetadataDiscoveryMethod is set to Glue the driver will query AWSGlue to retrieve Amazon Athena metadata.
Athena When MetadataDiscoveryMethod is set to Athena the driver will query AWSAthena to retrieve Amazon Athena metadata.

Other

These hidden properties are used only in specific use cases.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

The properties listed below are available for specific use cases. Normal driver use cases and functionality should not require these properties.

Specify multiple properties in a semicolon-separated list.

Integration and Formatting
Property Description
DefaultColumnSize Sets the default length of string fields when the data source does not provide column length in the metadata. The default value is 2000.
ConvertDateTimeToGMT Determines whether to convert date-time values to GMT, instead of the local time of the machine.
RecordToFile=filename Records the underlying socket data transfer to the specified file.

PageSize

The number of results to return per page of data retrieved from Amazon Athena.

Data Type

string

Default Value

1000

Remarks

The number of results to return per page of data retrieved from Amazon Athena. The maximum allowed value is 1000. See Fine-Tuning Data Access for more information on settings this property to avoid request throttling.

PollingInterval

This determines the polling interval in milliseconds to check whether the result is ready to be retrieved.

Data Type

string

Default Value

100

Remarks

This property determines how long to wait between checking whether or not the query's results are ready. Very large resultsets or complex queries may take longer to process, and a low polling interval may result in many unnecessary requests being made to check the query status.

PseudoColumns

This property indicates whether or not to include pseudo columns as columns to the table.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

This setting is particularly helpful in Entity Framework, which does not allow you to set a value for a pseudo column unless it is a table column. The value of this connection setting is of the format "Table1=Column1, Table1=Column2, Table2=Column3". You can use the "*" character to include all tables and all columns; for example, "*=*".

QueryCachingLevel

Modifies the usage of query results stored in S3StagingDirectory . Cached queries will not be scanned again by Amazon Athena until the amount of seconds specified in QueryTolerance has passed.

Possible Values

None, Local, Cloud

Data Type

string

Default Value

Local

Remarks

Modifies the usage of query results stored in S3StagingDirectory. Cached queries will not be scanned again by Amazon Athena until the amount of seconds specified in QueryTolerance has passed. The casing of the queries must match exactly to trigger the behavior, which is explained below:

Property Description
Local Setting QueryCachingLevel to Local will persist the query ID returned by Amazon Athena after a query execution individually for every connection. Closing the connection will clean the cache, so that only a single connection can make use of the results.
Cloud Setting QueryCachingLevel to Cloud will persist the query ID in the form of a named query in Amazon Athena. Closing the connection will only clean the results if it is the last open connection in a process, so that multiple connections can make use of the results.
None Setting QueryCachingLevel to None will disable the feature.

QueryPassthrough

This option passes the query to the Amazon Athena server as is.

Data Type

bool

Default Value

false

Remarks

When this is set, queries are passed through directly to Amazon Athena.

QueryTimeout

The timeout in seconds for requests issued by the provider to download large result sets.

Data Type

int

Default Value

1800

Remarks

If the QueryTimeout property is set to 0, operations will not time out; instead, they will run until they complete successfully or encounter an error condition. This property is distinct from Timeout which applies to individual HTTP operations while QueryTimeout applies to execution time of the operation as a whole.

If QueryTimeout expires and the request has not finished being processed, the connector raises an error condition.

QueryTolerance

Specifies the amount of time in seconds queries cache for if QueryCachingLevel is not set to None.

Data Type

string

Default Value

600

Remarks

Specifies the amount of time in seconds queries will cache for if QueryCachingLevel is not set to None. Values lower than 1 are not accepted.

ShowS3Filepath

Whether or not to expose the _S3Path column for the Amazon Athena tables.

Data Type

bool

Default Value

false

Remarks

The _S3Path column refers to the Amazon Athena's $path column, which returns the path of the source Amazon S3 file for each row in the output.

The connector will expose the _S3Path column for each table, only if this connection property is set to TRUE.

SkipHeaderLineCount

Specifies the number of header rows to skip for SELECT queries.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

Specifies the number of header rows to skip for SELECT queries. This most commonly used for Athena tables that point towards a CSV data source. If the CSV data source has headers, set SkipHeaderLineCount to 1.

If you have used AWS Glue to generate tables in Athena you can find this in the "skip.header.line.count" table property.

Timeout

The value in seconds until the timeout error is thrown, canceling the operation.

Data Type

int

Default Value

60

Remarks

If Timeout = 0, operations do not time out. The operations run until they complete successfully or until they encounter an error condition.

If Timeout expires and the operation is not yet complete, the connector throws an exception.

Workgroup

Work group of the executed queries.

Data Type

string

Default Value

""

Remarks

Work group of the executed queries.